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Backend Development

Mar 5, 2022 | Career Path

Backend development is software development that deals with application logic and data handling. The user cannot see them, but it does everything from authenticating users to storing data and providing content to the front end. Some popular languages used for its development are Python, Ruby on Rails, Java, PHP, and. NET.

If you want to know more about an exciting career in software development, read this article. We cover what it is, how it works, its benefits, and how Sonatafy has everything you need to build a successful business.

Backend Developer Salary Explained

Many factors affect the job market, so it is a need for more backend developers. The salary of a backend developer is important when deciding which company to choose. The average salary for a backend developer in the United States is $110,000.

This number can vary depending on location and experience level. A backend developer with little to no experience can expect to earn an average of $80,000, while a senior-level engineer can make up to $150,000.

Backend Developer Jobs in 2022

The latest research by Indeed found that backend developer jobs are the most in demand in 2022, with a projected growth of 31%. The backend developer job includes building the architecture of an application, designing and developing data models, and handling security and scaling needs. They work on the server side of an application or service.

Here are some backend developer jobs:

  • Data Engineer;
  • DevOps Engineer;
  • DevOps Engineer Manager;
  • DevOps Engineer Architect;
  • Security Architect;
  • Software Security Architect;
  • Cybersecurity Architect;
  • Cloud Security Architect;
  • Systems Administrator;
  • Database Administrator.

Backend App Development

The backend app development process includes the following steps, designing the architecture for the app, creating models to store data, developing logic to handle requests from clients, and developing API endpoints to provide access to data. 

The backend is the server where all the data is stored and managed. It’s what makes an app work. The backend handles everything behind the scenes, including storing user data, managing security, and sending push notifications.

Developers can deploy the backend of an app on devices such as servers, desktop computers, or mobile devices.

Types of backend app development include:

  • Mobile app development: This type of development is for apps that run on mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets. Users can access apps through a web browser or installed from an application store, such as Google Play or Apple iTunes.
  • Web app development: This type of backend app development is for apps that run in a web browser on desktop computers and laptops. Web users can access it by opening a URL in a web browser, such as Google Chrome or Safari.
  • Desktop app development: This type of development is for apps that run on desktop computers.

A. What Does a Backend Developer Do?

A backend developer is a software engineer who specializes in server-side programming. The backend developer is responsible for building the logic and structure of the application, while the front-end developer designs the interface and user experience.

A backend developer can do many things, including designing database schemas to store data, building APIs, building web services, implementing security measures, and optimizing performance.

B. What Are the 3 Parts of Backend Development?

The backend manages data, security, and user access to an application.

  1. i) Data management: This is an essential part of backend development because it handles all data in and out of the system. It provides all necessary functions to store and retrieve data and manage its flow in and out of the system.
    ii) Security: The backend must provide a secure environment to protect information from unauthorized access or tampering.
    iii) User access management: User access management handles all aspects of users, such as authentication, authorization, and auditing.

C. What Is Backend in Programming?

In programming, the term “backend” refers to the server side of an application or website. It encompasses the technologies, processes, and infrastructure that power an application’s behind-the-scenes operations, data management, and business logic.

The backend typically consists of three main components:

  1. Server: The server is the computer or system that hosts the application and responds to client requests. It handles incoming requests, processes them, and returns the appropriate responses. It can be a physical server or a cloud-based service.
  2. Application Logic: The backend includes the code and logic that governs the application’s functionality. It involves processing data, performing calculations, interacting with databases, and implementing the business rules that drive the application’s behavior.
  3. Database: The backend often involves interacting with a database to store, retrieve, and manipulate data. Depending on the application’s requirements, this can be a relational database (such as MySQL or PostgreSQL) or a NoSQL database (such as MongoDB or Cassandra).

Backend developers are responsible for designing, implementing, and maintaining these components. They write code using backend programming languages (Python, Java, Ruby, or Node.js) to handle the server-side logic, integrate with databases, and manage the overall application architecture.

The backend is responsible for tasks such as:

  • Processing and validating user input.
  • Authentication and authorization of users.
  • Handling business logic and algorithms.
  • Accessing and modifying data in databases.
  • Integrating with external services and APIs.
  • Generating dynamic web pages or API responses.

In summary, the backend is the foundation of an application, handling the processing, data management, and logic that enable the overall functionality and interactivity of the software. It works with front-end (client-side) development to create a complete and seamless user experience.

What Is the Best Language for Backend Development?

There are different languages that developers can use for back-end development. Developers should choose the language that best suits their needs and what they want to accomplish. Some languages like Java, C#, and Python are better for data-intensive real-time apps. Other languages are better suited for web server environments like PHP or Ruby.

The best language for backend development depends on various factors such as project requirements, ecosystem support, scalability, performance, and personal preference. Here are some popular languages commonly used for backend development:

  1. Python: Python is a versatile and beginner-friendly language known for its simplicity and readability. It has a robust ecosystem with frameworks like Django, Flask, and Pyramid, which provide powerful tools for building scalable and secure backend applications. Python’s extensive libraries, community support, and ease of use make it a popular choice for backend development.
  2. JavaScript (Node.js): With the introduction of Node.js, JavaScript has become a superior choice for backend development. Node.js allows developers to use JavaScript on the server side, enabling full-stack JavaScript development. It provides a non-blocking, event-driven architecture well-suited for building scalable, real-time applications. Node.js has a vast ecosystem of libraries and frameworks, including Express.js and Nest.js, making it a popular choice for backend development.
  3. Java: Java is a widely adopted and universal language known for its platform independence and strong community support. It offers robust frameworks like Spring and Java EE for building scalable and enterprise-level backend applications. Java’s performance, scalability, and mature ecosystem make it a reliable choice, particularly for large-scale projects.
  4. C#: Developed by Microsoft, C# is a powerful language used primarily in the .NET ecosystem. It offers frameworks like ASP.NET and .NET Core for backend development. C# is known for its performance, security features, and integration capabilities with Microsoft technologies. It is commonly used for building web applications, APIs, and enterprise-level software.
  5. Ruby: Ruby is a dynamic, object-oriented language known for its simplicity and developer-friendly syntax. It is often used with the Ruby on Rails framework, which provides a convention-over-configuration approach for building web applications. Ruby’s focus on developer productivity, elegant syntax, and extensive libraries make it a popular choice for backend development.

Ultimately, the best language for backend development depends on the specific requirements of your project, the existing tech stack, the availability of skilled developers, and the scalability and performance needs of the application. Considering these factors and choosing a language that aligns well with the project goals and team expertise is essential.

Why Is Back end development Needed?

The backend makes the website work. It’s the computer program that processes and stores data. With a backend, there would be content to display, someone to communicate with, and a way to purchase. A backend provides a way to store, process, and transfer data.

  • Programmers or developers use it to create and manage websites.
  • Users use it to access a web browser to enter a URL or an API (Application Programming Interface).
  • It reduces the time taken for creating and managing websites for programmers or developers as they don’t have to go through the front-end process every time they need to make changes to their site’s design, content, etc.;
  • It also provides more security than the front end because it has fewer vulnerabilities.

What Is the Job Salary of a Back end developer?

The salary of a backend developer can vary depending on factors such as experience, location, company size, industry, and specific skills required. Salaries can also fluctuate over time due to market demand and economic conditions. It’s important to note that the following information represents a general range and may not reflect the current salary trends.

In the United States, the salary of a backend developer can range from approximately $70,000 to $150,000 per year. Junior or entry-level backend developers typically earn wages on the lower end of the range. In contrast, those with several years of experience and expertise in specific technologies or industries can earn higher salaries.

In countries with a lower cost of living, the salaries of backend developers may be lower compared to those in high-cost areas. However, it’s essential to consider the local market conditions and the overall compensation package, including benefits, bonuses, and career growth opportunities.

Furthermore, specialized skills or knowledge in in-demand technologies such as cloud computing, big data, security, or specific programming languages can lead to higher salary prospects for backend developers.

Lastly, it’s worth noting that the industry sector can also influence salary ranges. For example, backend developers working in the finance, healthcare, or technology sectors often command higher salaries due to the complexity and sensitivity of the systems they work on.

To get accurate and up-to-date information on backend developer salaries, it’s advisable to consult reliable salary surveys and job listings or consult with local recruiters and professionals in your specific region and industry.

What Is Python Used for?

Python is a high-level programming language that developers use for many tasks. It is a programming language that developers use to develop software. Developers can use it in different ways, such as web development, data science, machine learning, game development, and data processing. 

Python is an interpreted high-level programming language.  Developers can use Python for both small and large projects. It is also one of the easiest programming languages to learn.

What Is Python in Programming?

Python is an open-source programming language that is easy to learn and use. 

It is perfect for learning or teaching programming languages. 

The interpreter in the programming language allows programmers to run programs without compiling them first. Developers can create interactive programs with other users on the same computer. 

Is JavaScript a Backend Language?

JavaScript is a programming language used to build websites and mobile apps. 

Developers use it to create interactive web pages and web applications. 

JavaScript is not a back-end language because developers can’t run the server where they serve the site or app. 

It is a front-end language. It only interacts with the front end of the website. 

JavaScript cannot store data or retrieve data from databases. 

Is C++ a Backend Language?

C++ is a general-purpose programming language. 

It is a statically typed, free-form, multi-paradigm, compiled, and object-oriented language. 

Developers can use C++ for both backend and frontend development. 

C++ is the most popular language for system programming. 

It is a compiled language, and developers can create desktop and web applications. 

C++ has been the backbone of many backend languages because of its speed, efficiency, and flexibility.

The name “C++” reflects the origins of the language and its object-oriented features (e.g., classes) and related, powerful standard library.

C++ supports procedural, object-oriented, and generic programming styles. 

It was designed as an extension of the C language but has since grown in power to support a wide range of programming styles. 

What Is an API in Web Development?

API stands for application program interface. 

It is a set of routines, protocols, and tools for building software applications.

 Developers can use it in many ways, such as building web services, mobile apps, and data science to construct machine learning models. 

Other people also use APIs to create mashups. It is two or more web services that provide new functionality or information.

Is HTML used for back-end or front-end development?

HTML is not a backend; it is a frontend.  Backend refers to the server side of an application, which handles all the data storage and manipulation. 

HTML does not handle data storage or manipulation. HTML is a markup language used to create web pages. 

Unlike backend languages, such as C#, HTML does not need a compiler or interpreter to run. 

It only needs a web browser and other software installed to display the web page correctly on the screen.

How Do I Start Learning Backend Development?

You don’t need to know everything about the backend to be a web developer, but you should learn the basics. 

Developers often consider the backend the soul of a website or an application, as it handles all the logic, data storage, and security. The backend generates dynamic content and API responses on the fly.

The backend is part of a computer system that stores and retrieves data, including databases, web servers, and applications. 

A person who designs or develops the backend of computer systems is a back-end developer.

Backend developers may work with different technologies such as HTML, CSS, JavaScript, SQL, and PHP. 

They are responsible for ensuring that the back end functions with the front end. A backend developer might also be called a server engineer or systems administrator.

You can learn what skills you need for this career. 

Here are resources that can help you get started with the backend.

Some popular ones are:

  • Udacity’s Intro to Backend Development course;
  • Coursera’s Introduction to Computer Science course;
  • MIT’s Introduction to Computer Science and Programming course.

What Is the Fastest Backend Framework?

A backend framework is a software development kit (SDK) or a library that helps developers build web applications and services. 

The fastest backend framework is Node.js, which uses an event-driven, non-blocking I/O model that makes it lightweight and efficient. 

It has a large community of developers, and many open-source libraries are available for it, and many cloud hosting providers offer Node.js in their stack.

How Long Will It Take to Learn JavaScript?

JavaScript is the most popular programming language in the world. Developers use it to create websites, games, and apps. 

JavaScript is easy to learn but requires time and practice. 

It would take 10-15 hours for someone with no programming experience to learn the basics of JavaScript programming.

The first thing to learn in JavaScript is syntax. 

The syntax of JavaScript is similar to other C-based languages, but it does have its quirks and nuances. Understanding how to write a basic program with JavaScript is essential before moving on to more advanced topics like functions and classes.

The second thing you should learn when learning JavaScript is how to read data from an external source like JSON or XML. 

You can also use an API call, but it’s crucial to know how these formats work because developers use them when parsing data from a server.

What Skills Do You Need to Be a Back-end Developer?

Back-end developers are software engineers who specialize in the backend of an application. They are responsible for the development, server infrastructure maintenance, databases, and other necessary tools. 

The skills required for a backend developer are wide and varied. 

You must be proficient in programming languages like Java, Python, SQL, etc. 

You need to have a good understanding of operating systems like Linux or Windows Server and networking protocols.

Here are essential skills that a backend developer should have:

  • Strong knowledge of programming languages: Backend developers need to know programming languages like C++, Java, JavaScript, etc.
  • Database design: A good knowledge of databases is essential for any backend developer to design databases for their applications.
  • Experience with web frameworks: A backend developer should be familiar with various web frameworks like ASP .NET MVC or PHP Laravel.
  • HTML and CSS: Understanding can help the design and web page development.

What Are the Skills Required for a Back end developer?

Back-end developers are the ones who write the code that makes the website work. They also need to know how to build a website from scratch.

The skills required for back-end developers are:

  • Good knowledge of programming languages;
  • Knowledge of HTML and CSS is a plus;
  • Knowledge in server management;
  • Knowledge of databases.

Back-end developers are responsible for designing and creating databases, server architecture, and data security. They must also code in a language compatible with their developing platform. They work closely with front-end developers and web designers to ensure that the website or application functions from end to end. Backend developers work on projects that involve complex data analysis or big data processing.

Advantages of Being a Backend Developer:

  1. Focus on Logic and Data: Backend developers primarily work on the server side of applications, focusing on business logic, data manipulation, and server-side processes. This allows them to dive deep into an application’s core functionality and work on complex algorithms and data structures.
  2. Scalability and Performance: Backend developers are responsible for designing and implementing the architecture that ensures the scalability and performance of an application. They work on optimizing database queries, caching mechanisms, and server configurations to handle high traffic and ensure smooth application performance.
  3. Security and Data Integrity: Backend developers are critical in implementing security measures to protect sensitive data and prevent vulnerabilities. They handle user authentication and encryption and enforce proper data validation and access control mechanisms to ensure data integrity.
  4. Broad Skill Set: Backend development involves working with different programming languages, frameworks, and tools. This provides backend developers with a comprehensive skill set and the opportunity to work with diverse technologies, making their work engaging and constantly evolving.

Disadvantages of Being a Backend Developer:

  1. Limited User Interface (UI) Exposure: Back-end developers often need more involvement in user interface design and development. While they contribute to the overall functionality of an application, they may need more opportunities to work on creating visually appealing and interactive user interfaces.
  2. Complexity and Learning Curve: Backend development can involve working with complex systems, frameworks, and databases. Keeping up with the latest advancements and best practices in backend technologies requires continuous learning and updating industry trends.
  3. Collaboration Dependencies: Backend development is closely tied to front-end development and other parts of the application stack. Collaborating effectively with front-end developers, designers, and other team members is crucial for seamless integration and successful project completion.
  4. Debugging and Troubleshooting: As back-end developers work on an application’s core functionality, they often encounter complex bugs and performance issues that require thorough investigation and debugging. Troubleshooting these issues can be time-consuming and challenging.

Being a backend developer offers numerous advantages, including a focus on logic and data, scalability and performance optimization, and the opportunity to work with a broad skill set. However, it also has challenges, such as limited exposure to user interface design, the complexity of backend technologies, collaboration dependencies, and the need for effective debugging and troubleshooting skills. Overall, backend development can be a rewarding career path for those who enjoy working with data, algorithms, and server-side processes.